WHO IS A SAGE, A LIBERATED ONE
Bhagavad Gita, CH.5, VER. 16-29
Lord Krishna said:
16. To those whose ignorance is destroyed by knowledge of the Self (Atman), like the sun, knowledge reveals the Supreme (Brahman).
17. Their intellect absorbed in That, their self being That; established in That, with That as their supreme goal, they go whence there is no return, their sins dispelled by knowledge.
EQUALITY OF SAGE
18. Sages look with an equal eye on a Brahmin endowed with learning and humility, on a cow, on an elephant, and even on a dog and an outcaste.
19. Even here (in this world) birth (everything) is overcome by those whose minds rest in equality; Brahman is spotless indeed and equal; therefore, they are established in Brahman.
20. Resting in Brahman, with steady intellect, undeluded, the knower of Brahman neither rejoiceth on obtaining what is pleasant nor grieveth on obtaining what is unpleasant.
THE SAGE ATTAINS THE ENDLESS BLISS OF ATMAN
21. With the mind unattached to the external contacts he discovers happiness in the Self (Atman); with the mind and buddhi engaged in the meditation of Brahman *he attains to the endless happiness."
PLEASURES ARE SOURCE OF PAIN
22. The enjoyments that are born of contacts are generators of pain only, for they have a beginning and an end, O Arjuna! The wise do not rejoice in them.
DESIRE AND ANGER ARE THE ENEMIES OF PEACE
23. He who is able, while still here in this world to withstand, before the liberation from the body, the impulse born of desire and anger—he is a Yogi, he is a happy man.
THE SAGE IS FREE & BECOMES BRAHMAN
24. He who is ever happy within, who rejoices within, who is illumined within, such a Yogi attains absolute freedom (Moksha), himself becoming Brahman.
25. The sages obtain absolute freedom (Moksha), they whose sins have been destroyed, whose dualities (perception of dualities or experience of the pairs of opposites) are torn asunder, who are self-controlled, and intent on the welfare of all beings.
26. Absolute freedom (or Brahmic bliss) exists on all sides for those self-controlled ascetics who are free from desire and anger, who have controlled their thoughts and who have realised the Self.
THE SAGE HAS PERFECT CONTROL OF SENSES AND MIND
27. Shutting out(all) external contacts and fixing the gaze between the eyebrows, equalising the outgoing and incoming breaths moving within the nostrils,
THE SAGE IS FREE FROM DESIRE, ANGER, FEAR
28. With the senses, the mind and the intellect always controlled, having liberation as his supreme goal, free from desire, fear and anger—the sage is verily liberated for ever.
THE SAGE ATTAINS ETERNAL PEACE
29. He who knows Me as the enjoyer of sacrifices and austerities, the great Lord of all the worlds and the friend of all beings, attains to peace.
Hari Om Tat Sat
Thus in the Upanishads of the glorious Bhagavad Gita,
the science of the Eternal, the scripture of Yoga, the dialogue between Sri Krishna and Arjuna ends the fifth discourse entitled:
“The Yoga of Renunciation of Action”